Monday, November 27, 2017

Remembering Henry the Hippo

The world lost a wonderful Hippo on October 31, when Henry, who had been ill for several months, ended his journey, leaving behind broken hearts at two zoos. He was 36 years old, just past the median life expectancy of a zoo hippo. The Dickerson Park Zoo in Springfield Missouri, where Henry spent most of his life, held a memorial service for this beloved hippo on November 12. Even though he had moved from that zoo to the Cincinnati Zoo a year and a half previously, he remained very dear to the people of Springfield. 

Henry drinks, Bibi turns her back
Henry was known for his good looks, and some considered him the world's most handsome hippo. He passed along his striking pink salmon coloration to his beautiful baby daughter Fiona who was born earlier this year at the Cincinnati Zoo, and became a worldwide media sensation. People have traveled from all over the country to see Fiona and her mother Bibi and father Henry. Henry was also known for his big personality. He did everything in a big way, and loved people.

Henry's beautiful whiskers

Henry was born in the San Francisco Zoo on August 8, 1981, but moved to the Dickerson Park Zoo when he was but seven months old. After a lifetime in Springfield, in June of 2016 he moved to the brand new $8 million Hippo Cove at the Cincinnati Zoo, where he met Bibi and fathered Fiona.  

Hippo Cove in the Cincinnati Zoo
He started life on the west coast, and was transported to Missouri by zoo staff in a pick up truck, back in 1982, when he was still fairly small, at 7 months. They had driven from Springfield to San Francisco, and put the young hippo into a wooden box, with bags of ice to keep him cool, in the back of the pick up truck, then continued on to San Diego, where they added a gazelle to the load. After days on the road coming back to Missouri on the southern route, Henry arrived at his new home, where he met an older lady hippo named Patsy who had come from the Memphis Zoo. 

Henry and Patsy lived in the old elephant compound, which had plenty of room. It was rather like a big barn yard. Soon a 25,000 gallon pool was added, but there was no filtration or temperature control. The pool had to be drained and cleaned every day, and the water was cold in the winter. Henry didn't mind.

Henry underwater

Henry and Patsy produced five babies in their 12 years together, but only one lived past infancy. After Patsy died, Henry lived alone for 20 years, although he had plenty of human friends. Henry was everyone's favorite animal at the Dickerson Park Zoo, the star attraction. The hippo area was enclosed by a simple fence, and there was the cement pool for Henry, but no underwater viewing. 

Visitors enjoyed watching the keepers, or even other visitors, give Henry a head of lettuce or his favorite whole watermelon, or sometimes a pumpkin, by placing it into his wide open mouth. You can find many youtube videos of Henry opening his jaws for treats from visitors, and then chomping the food to messy bits.


Dickerson Zoo staff knew that Henry needed company, and a better facility. Hippo enclosure standards had evolved, and Henry deserved a better pool with filtered water and heaters, but it was hard to find a zoo to take him. Not many zoos have up to date hippo facilities, and those that do had no room for Henry, it seemed. 

Then the Cincinnati Zoo came looking for a male hippo for their brand new state of the art Hippo Cove with a 70,000 gallon state of the art pool that was set to open in July of 2016 with a breeding pair. It was sad for the Dickerson Park Zoo to say goodbye to Henry, but everyone knew it was the best thing for their favorite animal. Henry would finally have a girlfriend again. Still, everyone in Springfield was sad to lose Henry.

Henry's bright eyes

The zoo had a big farewell party for Henry, who was almost 35 years old and weighed 3600 pounds. He had become accustomed to going into his transport crate, and one day it closed, and he was lifted by crane over the hippo yard, and put into a truck. At then end of  his trip from Missouri to Ohio, another crane lifted Henry's travel crate off the truck and set him down by Hippo Cove, his new home. Some of his Missouri keepers came along with him to help him adjust, but after he smelled and saw Bibi, he only had eyes for her.

On the opening day of Hippo Cove - July 21 2016 - 
Henry chases Bibi around the pool.

Bibi, who weighed 3100 pounds at the time, had lived most of her 17 years in the Saint Louis Zoo with her sister and two other female hippos. She had never met a male hippo. 

Henry in pursuit
For Henry, it was love at first sight. From the beginning, as soon as they were allowed in the pool together, Henry followed Bibi around like a lovesick puppy. 

Henry catches up with Bibi
Henry was always chasing Bibi, wanting to be near her. 

It was a match made in heaven, true love

Henry was smitten with Bibi right away

It was not long before she was pregnant. Hippos have a normal gestation period of eight months, but Bibi gave birth on January 24, six weeks early, to a premature baby weighing only 29 pounds, instead of the normal 55 pounds minimum.

Little Fiona

We all know Fiona's miraculous story, how she lived and thrived against all odds, raised by keepers, but always near her mother and father so she could see and hear and smell them.

Hippo Family Portrait:
Henry on the left, Bibi on the right, Fiona in the middle

When Fiona was old enough, she was reunited with her mother Bibi. A few weeks later, Henry was introduced to his daughter. He was very gentle and patient with the little hippo, holding his mouth open for long periods so she could explore to her heart's content. 

Fiona was fascinated by Henry when she first met him in the pool

Henry was very patient with his little daughter

Henry was happy to let Fiona explore his mouth

Video link - Henry and baby Fiona

Fiona would take naps underwater, nestled between her protective parents, coming up for air every few minutes as hippos do. Henry and Bibi had been physically separated from Fiona for several months, and may not have realized she was their baby. But adult hippos in a bloat will be very gentle and protective with any baby hippo. 

That is Fiona's little bottom, between her parents, during naptime.

Everything seemed perfect. In between playing with Fiona, Henry continued pursuing his lovely Bibi. The parents would ignore Fiona sometimes, while they played and sparred, and Fiona would try to get their attention back.

Henry and Bibi forget about Fiona for a bit,
 and spend time together

Mom, Dad, I am down here, Fiona seems to say

Bibi and Henry spend some time reconnecting,
while Fiona wants attention
 Zoo goers delighted in seeing this beautiful hippo family enjoying their summer days.

Henry and Fiona look so much alike

A baby hippo get to know other hippos by exploring their mouths

Fiona was only a few hundred pounds when she met her father,
 but she wasn't afraid of him at all.

Henry and his daughter

Henry and Fiona play

It was a magical summer at Hippo Cove. The hippo family was happy together.

Then the elderly Henry began to fail. He lost his appetite and his energy. Zoo staff separated him from Fiona to give him a chance to rest and recover. He did spend time with Bibi, but the zoo staff worried that Fiona would wear him out. As the summer wore on, he seemed to get better, and he was reunited with his family, briefly. Sadly, he wasn't eating again, and was losing more weight. An infection was diagnosed and treated. His appetite waned, and he became a very picky eater. 

Bibi and Henry napping

His lethargy increased, and his quality of life went downhill dramatically. The zoo staff did everything they could think of, but he only got worse, losing weight. He wouldn't even eat his favorite foods, his watermelon.

On October 31, they gave him another physical, and the results convinced them that he would not recover. He was 36 years old, an elderly hippo. He had had a good life. No one wanted him to suffer.

His loss was felt around the world, for his daughter Fiona had become an international sensation, and so many were interested in this magical hippo family. Most keenly affected by Henry's loss were the keepers in Cincinnati, and his many friends in Springfield, his home for so many years.

The modern pool at Hippo Cove in the Cincinnati Zoo has a continuous water filtration and talapia fish to clean the poop from the water, but Henry was still known for spraying people when he could. 

Farewell, Henry

However, at the Dickerson Zoo memorial service, there were many stories about cleaning out Henry's poop-filled pool daily, slipping and falling and getting covered with his poop, and the way Henry like to spray his poop at his keepers and visitors as a fun joke. As a hippo, he put forth copious amounts of the stuff. He had become a legend for it.

Many shared memories of feeding Henry from the edge of the pool in Dickerson, and he would open his mouth wide and just wait for the lettuce or fruit. 

They talked about how handsome he was, how cute and cuddly, and those magnificent whiskers, and how hard it was to trim his tusks.

Bibi and Fiona are most likely missing him too. For a time, Bibi would call out to Henry and wait for him to answer back, but of course there was no answer. They will go on without him, but it won't be the same.

A love story - Bibi and Henry
The Dickerson Zoo is planning a memorial of some kind, either a plaque or a statue, in tribute to Henry, their favorite animal resident. 

Little Fiona behind Daddy Henry

This special hippopotamus has left a legacy in his daughter Fiona as well. She looks just like her daddy, with her unusual pink coloring on her face. She has his big personality too, just like Henry.

Henry will not be forgotten.

 The photos and video in this story were all taken by me at Hippo Cove in the Cincinnati Zoo. - Molly Merrow

Tuesday, November 14, 2017

Columbus Cubs celebrate their first birthdays

Neva in front, Nuniq in back, with party leftovers
from Amelia's birthday the previous day.

The Columbus cubs are celebrating their first birthdays this week.

Anana and daughter Amelia Gray

Amelia Gray was treated to a party by her keepers  on Wednesday, November 8.

Nuniq and Neva

 Nuniq and Neva are celebrating today, Tuesday, November 14. Like Amelia, they each had a fish meal cake decorated with krill frosting, in a box. They also had colorful ice bucket pops with fish inside. New toys: oblong balls were emblazoned with their names. Everyone sang Happy Birthday to the cubs.

Aurora and the twins enjoy fishy ice pops during their birthday party, which was broadcast live on the zoo's Facebook page.

Aurora catches a trout

Nuniq promptly runs over to steal the fish from his mom Aurora
All three cubs have grown and developed in the past year. All three of them have been observed catching the live trout swimming in their pool, although Nuniq usually waits until his mother Aurora catches a fish, and then steals it. 

Amelia Gray
Amelia Gray weighs 291 pounds.She sometimes plays alone, but often swims and plays with her mother Anana. It is lovely to see how bonded mother and daughter are.

Nuniq and Neva
Nuniq in front, Neva in the sun

The twins are very different in appearance, weight and temperament. Here's a little video. Click on the link.

Nuniq with his orange ball

The boy Nuniq is quite hefty at 397 pounds and has a much broader face. When he is in the water, he seems to be always aware of the visitors, playing with them against the windows and coming face to face with his fans in the underwater viewing area. Like his late father Nanuq, he is laid back, and just goes with the flow. When he sees his mom or sister playing with something, he likes to join in or at least see what they are doing. Nuniq is food motivated, so he is always looking for his next snack.

Neva on her favorite rock
Little girl Neva is quick and agile at 247 pounds. When she swims, she slices through the water like a fish, graceful as a ballerina, and not all that aware of the people watching her. She swims for the joy of it. I saw her playing underwater with a mouse that she had found. She is very bold and independent. Neva is driven by curiosity and is always doing something. This little sister is good at catching the live trout that swim in the big pool. She is a little diva, says keeper Ellie. As for food, she is not as interested as her brother, and often wanders off to play instead of eat.

Neva is fascinated by the water spout in the small pool

Neva gets a little bit dirty

While polar bear twins usually are inseparable in their first year, Nuniq and Neva are rather independent, and often play away from each other and their mother. The three of them run about the enclosure, each with their own agenda and games.

Nuniq gets very dirty
Nuniq looks much like his late father Nanuq, and loves to roll in the dirt just as his dad did. Nanuq died at the old age of 29 last April. Nuniq is his only male cub, but Nanuq, who was wild born, is also the father of Luna, Nora and of course Amelia Gray and Neva.

Nuniq's fascinating eyes

 Nuniq has hypnotic brown wees the like of which I have not seen in other bears. There is a glow and a curiosity about his gaze.

Anana and Amelia Gray

Mother Anana has a little trick to catching the live fish, and she has taught this trick to daughter Amelia. When the keepers throw fish food into the water, Anana will take some into her mouth, and when the fish come to nibble, she catches them. 

Nuniq shakes it off

Visitors to the Columbus Zoo are very lucky in that the only three cubs born in U.S. Zoos this past year are all in Columbus. The two families rotate on alternate days in the big public yard. One day you will see Anana and her daughter Amelia, and the next you will see Aurora and the twins.

There is a video of Aurora and the twins. Aurora has caught a fish and Nuniq steals it. Neva has caught her own fish, and jumps in the water.

The Family:
 Neva in front, Nuniq laying down, and Mother Aurora in the back
The previous year, only two cubs were born in U.S. zoos. One was Nora in Columbus and the other was her Aunt Hope, who is sister to Aurora and Anana, born in Toledo. Nora and Hope are now two years old and have just moved in together at Hogle Zoo in Salt Lake City.

Happy Birthday!

 These three cubs are ready for anything. It will be exciting to watch them grow and learn in the coming year.